Use external mail server for mdadm

mdadm is the utility to check and report failures on RAID disks. The usual way this Linux application send its message is a plain old e-mail. In this howto you’ll find the instruction to use an external mail server with mdadm.

First, replace sendmail with an external email account. After you’ve configured and tested msmtp you’re ready to configure mdadm.

Configure mdadm with the new SMTP

Change /etc/mdadm/mdadm.conf to

# instruct the monitoring daemon where to send mail alerts


  • is your FROM e-mail, the email or alias you’re sending emails from.
  • is your recipient TO e-mail. It must be a frequently-used e-mail since alerts of failures are sent there.

Actually, using /etc/aliases and assigning root to the right recipient should allow you to avoid this step but you’ve to test yourself.

Send test message with mdadm

Type this command to emulate a disk failure message from mdadm:

sudo mdadm --monitor --scan --test -1

If you receive the message in the this job is finally done!

This is an automatically generated mail message from mdadm

A TestMessage event had been detected on md device /dev/md/1.

Faithfully yours, etc.

P.S. The /proc/mdstat file currently contains the following:

Personalities : [raid1] [linear] [multipath] [raid0] [raid6] [raid5] [raid4] [raid10]
md0 : active raid...

md1 : active raid...

unused devices:

See also


Mass delete old email on Gmail preserving Special and Tagged ones

To mass delete old emails on Gmail type this search query in the search box of (or Gmail for Business):

after:2017/01/01 before:2017/31/12 -has:userlabels -is:starred

You can use these filters in any language but remember to use the YYYY/DD/MM format for the data (Year/Day/Month) for the after and before filters.

This search will show you all emails between January, 1st and December, 31st 2017 that:

  • Haven’t any User Label
  • Aren’t starred (without Star)

Change dates according to the time period you want to cover and select the select all checkbox inside the header to select all items from the Gmail dashboard.

Optionally, you can select them all using the dedicated link that appears after the step above.

These two criteria are usually enough to don’t delete important e-mails but you can add more exclusion criteria adding a minus sign before any new filter, e.g. unread. However, if you don’t use Stars and Labels you have to double-check email in the list before deletion to prevent to delete useful data.

This approach is very useful in these two scenarios:

  • To free space on the Gmail mailbox when it’s almost full.
  • To delete old emails to comply with regulations like GDPR at the end of their usable life.

Happy houseworks!